Letter C - Golf Definitions, Terms, Vocabulary and Slang
Deep, thick, inescapable rough. Also called spinach.
The hole. The cup. The place to put your putts. When you sink a putt, you canned it.
One who carries or tends to a player's clubs during a round.
A course employee responsible for managing caddies and assigning them to players as required.
The radius measurement of the sole of a club. A sole can be cambered from toe to heel, or from front to back, or both.
When a ball hits a cart path or roadway along side the fairway and bounces back into (or remains) inbounds.
A caddie employed by two players and who typically carries two bags, one on each shoulder.
The green. Soft, well-manicured fairways are also referred to as being "like carpet".
A four-wheeled electric or gas powered vehicle for use in transporting players from hole to hole (AKA golf car or golf cart).
A two wheeled hand-pulled (AKA pull cart or push cart) or motorized cart (AKA walking cart) that carries a golf club bag.
Similar to a greens fee, the fee required to rent a golf cart or pull-cart for either 9 or 18 holes.
The lovely young lady who operates the beer (refreshment) cart (a motorized vehicle that carries refreshments to golfers out on the course).
Term for when two golfers riding in the same golf cart repeatedly hit the ball in the same direction.
Any temporary accumulation of water on the course that is visible before or after the player takes his stance. Water in a hazard is not casual water.
Slang term given to a sand bunker.
An iron head with the weight is distributed toward the perimeter of the head. Cavity backs are easily identified by their recessed area on the back of the head.
Center of Gravity (CG)
The point in a club head where all of the points of balance intersect. The lower the CG, the higher the ball flight. Higher CG clubs produce lower ball flight.
A shot in which a player hits behind the ball, not moving it very far. May also be referred to as a "fat" shot or a "chunk".
Any number of short shots, typically played to the green, with a higher lofted club (#7, 8, 9 or wedges.)
Chip and run
A low shot that runs towards the flag played from near the green.
A shot, generally going only a short distance, made from trouble in an attempt to get the ball back in play. Chip-outs are commonly made from trees or similar positions.
A shot in which a player hits behind the ball resulting in a more turf being removed than desired. The resulting shot is also much shorter than desired. May also be called a "chili-dip".
Any of numerous narrow-bladed iron clubs, used in the early 1800's through the early part of the 20th century, variously adapted and used for playing long shots through the green, for playing from sand and rough and for putting. The Cleek was the longest of all the iron clubs, with the face only slightly lofted. The basic characteristics of cleeks were that they were narrow-bladed and relatively light. They were lofted at about 15 degrees or less. About the loft of a one iron.
An umbrella term generic or off-brand golf clubs that are based on and/or copies of high-end brand name golf clubs.
When (in relation to the target-line) the clubface is angled toward the player's body, ie angled left for right-handed players.
When a player's front foot is set closer to the target-line. Used to draw the ball or to prevent a slice.
A tool for the player to hit the ball. 14 clubs are allowed by the rules.
An organization of golfers.
A career in golf dedicated to helping others to enjoy the game. This may be accomplished in a number ways: giving lessons, managing operations, running events, etc.
The area of the club that you use to hit the ball.
The part of the club attached to the lower end of the shaft, and used for striking the ball.
This is where play begins and ends. The clubhouse is also your source for information about local rules, the conditions of the course, upcoming events and other essential information for the avid golfer. Normally, you can also purchase balls, clubs, clothes, and other golfing equipment at the clubhouse.
Coeffecient of Restitution (COR)
The energy transfer that occurs when one object collides with another. In terms of golf clubs, COR is directly related to the speed of a golf ball as it rebounds from a clubface. Generally, a club with higher COR will generate greater ball velocity, equaling more distance. COR is expressed as a percentage. To measure a club's COR, balls are fired at a clubface at a fixed speed, known as initial speed. The speed at which the balls rebound is known as rebound speed. The COR is generally equal to the rebound speed divided by the initial speed. For example, if the initial speed is 100 mph, and the rebound speed is 84 mph, the COR would be approximately .840. In terms of distance, a player with a swing speed from 100 to 120 mph should gain about two yards for every one percent increase in COR. Players with slower swing speeds will generally gain less yardage.
A closely mown area surrounding the putting green. It may be similar to the green in height (fringe) or it may be higher, similar to rough. Also a term for the edge of a sand hazard.
A putt required after the previous putt went past the hole.
A player participating in a stroke play competition.
Loosely defined as the hardness of a ball. Identified by a number; a higher number indicates a ball that requires more force to compress it. Lower compression balls flatten more when hit.
A four-under par shot, a hole-in-one on a par 5 .
Term typically applied to an upscale (normally private or semi-private) golf club that generally offers other amenities in addition to golf (swimming, tennis, clubhouse, etc.)
The entire area on which a game (or round) of golf is played.
A Course Handicap is the USGA's mark that indicates the number of handicap strokes a player receives from a specific set of tees at the course being played to adjust his scoring ability to the common level of scratch or 0-handicap golf. For a player with a plus Course Handicap, it is the number of artificial strokes the player gives to adjust his scoring ability to the common level of scratch or 0-handicap golf. A Course Handicap is determined by applying the player's USGA Handicap Index to a Course Handicap Table or Course Handicap Formula. A player's Course Handicap is expressed as a whole number of strokes
A numerical rating, usually by a recognized organization such as the USGA, that identifies the difficulty of a course. For example, a course rated 72.4 is more difficult than one rated at 68.5. A scratch player should expect to shoot a 68 or 69 on the course rated 68.5.
Course Handicap Table
A "Course Handicap Table" is a chart that converts a Handicap Index to a Course Handicap based on the Slope Rating for a specific set of tees.
The USGA's mark that indicates the evaluation of the playing difficulty of a course for a scratch golfer under normal course and weather conditions. It is expressed as strokes taken to one decimal place, and is based on yardage and other obstacles to the extent that they affect the scoring ability of a scratch golfer.
Putting (and, occasionally, full-swing) grip in which the hands are placed in positions opposite that of the conventional grip. For right-handed golfers, a cross-handed grip would place the left hand below the right. Also known as the "left-hand low" grip.
The top of the head of a wood or metal wood. It's what the golfer sees at address.
Similar a fade, it is a shot that curves from left to right, but is generally higher in trajectory and more controlled than a standard fade. (Cut Shot)
Term that describes the players that have qualified to play the rest of the tournament for a chance to win the championship after the qualifying rounds on the previous days. (The Cut)
The tubular lining sunk in the hole. Also the hole itself.