The Highlander Golf Shop
Letter L - Golf Definitions, Terms, Vocabulary and Slang
L
L Handicap Type
Local handicap
Lag
To putt with the goal of getting the ball close to the hole rather than sinking it. Players lag putts when they are far enough from the hole that they have difficulty even fantasizing about holing out.
Lateral
Type of hazard, defined by red boundary stakes, that often runs parallel to the line of play on a hole. The penalty for hitting into a lateral hazard is one stroke.
The term "lateral" may also describe a "Shank".
Lateral water hazard
A ditch, stream, or pond roughly parallel to the line of the hole. A ball picked out may be played from either side, with a one-stroke penalty.
Launched
Term for a drive that takes off like a Tomahawk cruise missile.
Launched
Term for a drive that takes off like a Tomahawk cruise missile.
Lay up
To aim short of the green and chip on rather than attempt a long or otherwise risky approach shot.
Leading Edge
The front edge of the clubface.
Leaf Rule
A rule, not recognized by the USGA, in which players agree that if a ball is lost in leaves, it is not treated as a lost ball (stroke and distance penalty.) This "rule" is common in certain climates (and times of the year) in which trees lose their leaves and make finding balls difficult.
Lie
The position of a ball on the ground at any point on the course. A ball in the fairway will typically be considered to have a "good" lie, one in high rough grass will be labeled as a "bad" lie.
The number of strokes it took the ball to get to where it sits. For example: The golfer lies "2" and will now be hitting his third shot.
Lie Angle
The angle between the sole of the club and the shaft from the face view (looking at the face of the club straight on).
Lift
Upward force on a golf ball as it flies.
Line
The expected path of the ball to the hole, particularly on putts. "Stepping in a player's line" on the green is considered a major golf faux pas.
Links
Specifically the label given to golf courses constructed in which the 1st hole begins at the clubhouse and the 18th ends there, with no holes except those returning to the clubhouse. Links courses are often built near water. Links is also a generic slang term given to any golf course having 18 holes.
Lip
The edge (or rim) of the hole.
Lip Out
A ball as it is rolling on a putting green, that hits the edge of the hole and does not go in because of usually spinning out.
Lob Shot
A high, soft shot, generally played near the green with a high-lofted wedge of some type (i.e., a lob wedge.)
Local Handicap
A "local handicap" is either a handicap that is above the maximum Handicap Index limit, a handicap that is revised more frequently than allowed or a handicap based on a player's temporary disability. A local handicap is not a Handicap Index, and it must be identified by the letter "L" to indicate that it is for local use only. A local handicap is expressed as a number taken to one decimal place and is used to convert to a Course Handicap.
Loft
The angle between the club's shaft and the club's face.
Lofting Iron (Lofter)
The name of a golf club that was used in the mid-late 1800's through the early part of the 20th century that was used to hit a ball high with spin. Similar to a modern day wedge.
Long Game
Shots over about 180 yards (164m) long, played from the tee or on the fairway with woods or low-numbered irons.
Long Spoon
The name of a club used in the early 1800's that was made of wood with a long nose similar in shape to the driver with more loft more loft at about 15 degrees.
Loose Impediment
A small natural item, which is not fixed or growing, solidly embedded, or stuck to the ball. Players can generally move them away but if they move their ball while doing so, there is a one-stroke penalty.
Lost ball
If after a five-minute search, a ball cannot be found, a competitor is penalized one stroke and plays another ball from the spot where the first one was hit, counting as the third shot.
Low Riser
Slang term given to a shot, intentionally played, that starts low and ends at a "normal" trajectory.
LPGA
Ladies Professional Golfer's Association. Governing organization of females making their living in golf-related endeavors. The LPGA issues guidelines and accreditation to its members depending upon their individual positions in the game.
Loose impediments
Twigs and leaves, not actually growing, and not stuck to the ball, which may be removed from around it without penalty. The ball must not be moved.